Essential Oils Links for Bug Repellent products
Lemon Eucalyptus Facts
From the CDC
Oil of lemon eucalyptus [p-menthane 3,8-diol (PMD)], a plant based repellent, is also registered with
EPA. In two recent scientific publications, when oil of lemon eucalyptus was tested against mosquitoes found in the US it
provided protection similar to repellents with low concentrations of DEET.
Due to concern over mosquitoes carrying West Nile
Virus, the CDC has made several new entries on their list of recommended repellents. Previously their only recommendation
was any repellent containing the ingredient DEET. Now the CDC recommends picaridin, which is a chemical, or oil of lemon eucalyptus,
but says that DEET is still on the list of recommended repellents.
picaridin and oil of lemon eucalyptus have been available as repellents in other parts of the world, they have had a difficult
time getting a foothold in the U.S. due to the prevalence of DEET. Now, though, many may start using picaridin or lemon eucalyptus
oil, which lack the unpleasant odor of DEET.
Catnip Oil From CNN
getting West Nile Virus, encephalitis, or some other nasty disease spread by mosquitoes? You may some day find relief in oil
that can be extracted from catnip.
New research presented at the
meeting of the American Chemical Society indicates nepetalactone (pron. nep-PEET-all-ACT-tone), the oil in catnip that gives
it a distinctive minty odor, is a highly effective mosquito repellent.
research was conducted by Chris Peterson and Joel Coats at Iowa State University. The scientists put 20 mosquitoes in a two-foot-long
tube -- half of which was treated with the catnip oil.
After 10 minutes,
only 20 percent of the mosquitoes (about four of them) remained on the treated side. In a similar test with DEET, the popular
mosquito repellent, 40-45 percent of the mosquitoes remained on the treated side.
From Iowa State University
AMES, Iowa -- Iowa State University researchers have begun testing
catnip oil as a possible repellent against mosquitoes carrying the West Nile Virus.
Joel Coats, an Iowa State entomologist,
began investigating the idea of using catnip oil as a mosquito repellent five years ago with Chris Peterson, a former graduate
student. The researchers found that catnip oil repels mosquitoes significantly better than the compound used in most commercial
bug repellents. Nepetalactone, the primary active ingredient in catnip oil, was recently patented by ISU.
are developing some concern about traditional bug sprays. They seem to be looking for alternatives and believe that natural
alternatives may be safer," Coats said.
Gretchen Schultz, an Iowa State entomology graduate student, is now
working with Coats to test nepetalactone's effectiveness against the mosquito species that carries West Nile Virus. The
virus can cause fatal encephalitis in humans and horses, and can kill certain domestic and wild birds.
also are conducting tests to compare the repellency of catnip oil to DEET (diethyl-meta-toluamide), the compound used in many
commercial repellents. In laboratory tests, the nepetalactone repelled more mosquitoes at lower concentrations. When tested
on cockroaches, the repellency of catnip oil didn't last as long as the DEET. Schultz and Coats are currently testing
the repellency time of catnip oil against mosquitoes.
"We've begun testing on the species of mosquito
that transmits West Nile Virus," Coats said. "We also are studying how long catnip oil will protect against mosquitoes.
That seems to be the big issue at this time."
Catnip is primarily known for its stimulating effect on cats,
although some people use the leaves in tea, as a meat tenderizer and as a folk treatment for fevers, colds, cramps and migraines.
The catnip plant is a perennial herb in the mint family and grows wild in most parts of the United States.
warns that pure catnip oil is too strong to put directly on skin. The doses tested in his laboratory only contain one to five
percent of the essential oil. No human testing is planned at Iowa State.